In order to complete my calculations for the distribution of affordable housing within New Jersey, I needed to combine three counties’ data into one since 6 municipalities that receive both +$10 Million in municipal aid as well as +$100 Million in educational aid have contiguous borders. As previously noticed in my post about the data in Passaic County, municipalities that meet this criteria will not always hold an extreme concentration of affordable housing when there is more than one municipality that fits the above criteria. Because of this information, I have combined all affordable housing data for Essex, Hudson, and Union Counties in order to better represent the high concentrations of affordable housing that exists within the following 6 municipalities: East Orange(Essex), Irvington(Essex), Newark(Essex), Elizabeth(Union), Jersey City(Hudson), and Union City(Hudson). I have named the total area of these 6 places “Amoebaville” due to it’s large and expanding nature.
Below I have graphical representation of my data results.
The above pie chart shows that 6 municipalities hold 65.7% of all affordable housing units within three New Jersey Counties. Again, the 6 municipalities represented in the data are Orange(Essex), Irvington(Essex), Newark(Essex), Elizabeth(Union), Jersey City(Hudson), and Union City(Hudson).
Pictured above is the distribution of Family developments between three New Jersey Counties and the 6 contiguous municipalities.
In Amoebaville’s case, the distribution of FAM developments is very alarming because it is close to holding 70% of all available FAM developments with three entire New Jersey counties. I will say that the distribution of all affordable housing units is significant knowledge to have while trying to understand why a city may need so much aid in one year. Having said that, the data distribution of FAM developments is even more significant because it more directly explains the need for high educational aid amounts. By having a higher concentration of low income families, that equals a higher concentration of families who can’t contribute as much tax money as needed towards the Public Schools system.
Before concluding, it is important to point out a few key pieces of information that support my reasoning for combining the data in the way that I have.
1) All six of these municipalities receive more than $10,000,000 in municipal aid as well as more than $100,000,000 in educational aid within the same year.
2) Newark holds 68.6% of all units in Essex County while Irvington holds only 3.6%. Newark also holds 63.1% of all FAM developments in Essex County while Irvington holds only 2.9%.
3) Elizabeth was believed to meet the criteria in Union County along with Union Township. This was mistaken, only Elizabeth meets the annual aid criteria, thus shrinking the initially size of Amoebaville, NJ.
4) Jersey City holds 48.5% of all Affordable Housing Units in Hudson County, while Union City holds .1%, according to the information provided by the Guide to Affordable Housing in New Jersey for Hudson County.
Because there was such a drastic difference in the distribution of affordable housing between municipalities that exist in counties with other municipalities that meet the aid criteria, while also taking into account that they all have touching borders, it was necessary to group Hudson, Essex, and Union Counties into one set of data, and group the six municipalities together which forms Amoebaville, NJ.
Again, we see that high concentrations of affordable housing units, and more specifically FAM developments, are present in places that require large sums of aid from the State of New Jersey.